Does Water Cause Heartburn?

by Jay | Updated on July 22nd, 2022

We know that there are obvious types of food that induce the nightmare that is heartburn. What heartburn, you may ask? It’s that creeping burning pain on your chest up to your throat can make any day difficult. Now, is water helpful?

Water and heartburn

As per Dr. Abemayor, “heartburn is the sensation you get when stomach acid washes into your esophagus. Water can help heartburn by moving acid back into the stomach.”

red heart balloon under blue sky during daytime

This is essentially true. Sang Hoon Kim, MD, chief of gastroenterology at New York-Presbyterian Queens, stated, “water raises the pH of your stomach, [meaning it] dilutes the acid and helps neutralize and even clear the acid in your esophagus.”

Can water make symptoms worse?

Refractory acid reflux is acid reflux that does not go away even with treatment. This means that acid reflux persists after consuming water and other food types. In addition, anything that can trigger the stomach to work can induce a heartburn sensation.

Thus, this includes water. Additionally, eating or drinking on a full stomach and then lying down can worsen the heartburn because the full belly pushes the acid back into the esophagus more.

What is heartburn?

Heartburn is not a rare case. At the very least, about 60 million people in the U.S. suffer through this once a month. At the same time, 15 million are said to experience heartburn every day, according to the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG).

But what is heartburn? This occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter, the valve between your esophagus and stomach, relaxes more than it contracts. In other words, it does not close the passageway the way it’s supposed to, as per the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

In a normally functioning digestive system, the food and liquid in the stomach should not be regurgitating back into the esophagus. But as discussed, if the sphincter between the two organs does not close, reflux takes place.

Heartburn is an unpleasant sensation felt behind the breastbone, neck, and throat. This chronic state is diagnosed as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While anyone can get heartburn, the following hold higher risks:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Smokers or secondhand smokers
  • Pregnant
  • Takers of certain medications

Heartburn triggers

According to NIDDK, the following can trigger a bout of heartburn:

  • Chocolate
  • Tomato-based food
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • Coffee
  • Greasy food
  • Peppermint
  • Spicy food

Heartburn relief

The following are things anyone experiencing heartburn can try:

  • Lifestyle change
  • Diet change by limiting acidic foods
  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Don’t wear tight-fitting clothes
  • Don’t eat for several hours before bedtime
  • Elevate the head of your bed by 6 inches
  • Take medications such as antacids
  • Talk to your doctor 

Why doctor does not recommend alkaline water

While an alkaline solution can neutralize fluid in your system in a few minutes, it will not solve the root cause of heartburn. It’s no different than taking a Tums or drinking a lot of milk—which some people with reflux like because milk is also slightly alkaline.

However, we recommend regular water intake; it will raise the pH of your stomach, dilute the acid, and clear out the esophagus—so there are many good reasons to drink water in general and stay hydrated.

At the moment, alkaline water is more of complementary medicine; the medical opinion is lacking on alkaline water.

FDA does not regulate alkaline waters. Thus, the proper pH of the water may not even be how the company claims it to be. In addition, the esophageal lining is not designed to withstand excessive alkaline content, which may cause further irritation. 

However, if you’re eager to drink alkaline water, you should talk to your doctor about the possible benefits and disadvantages. Heartburn is a debilitating problem during an exacerbation, so ensure you’re doing what helps! And when you are ready, check out our best alkaline water pitchers list.


Jay is a health and wellness enthusiast with expertise in water quality and nutrition. As a knowledgeable advocate for holistic well-being, Jay successfully manages Type 2 Diabetes through informed lifestyle choices. Committed to sharing reliable and authoritative insights, Jay combines firsthand experience with a passion for enhancing health."