shower glass

What Makes Water Hard?

Water is referred to be “hard” if it contains high levels of magnesium, calcium, and other alkaline minerals in it. Scientists use the pH scale to measure hardness in water by measuring the hydrogen-ion concentration in the liquid. Low pH indicates the water is acidic while high pH means water Read more…

reverse osmosis filteration

History of Reverse Osmosis

A brief history of reverse osmosis  Reverse osmosis, popularly known as RO water is a process through which water is passed through a semi-permeable membrane. Ions, molecules, and larger particles are removed (Wikipedia).  In 1748, a French physicist called Jean Antoine Nollet used a pig’s bladder in reverse osmosis as Read more…

ground water

How Does Groundwater Become Polluted?

Groundwater is water under the earth’s surface held in soil pores and in cracks in the rocks. Pollution of groundwater is a major problem that is affecting everyone. Little is being done by people in authority to manage water pollution. Where does groundwater come from? After precipitation (rain, snow, hail, Read more…


Water Pollution Guide

Water pollution majorly on freshwater sources has been expanding exponentially. Climate change has raised concerns about the environment and precious resources. Water pollution is now affecting drinking water, water for irrigation, lakes, seas, and oceans, leading to mass deaths of sea life. The oceans have become a dumping site for Read more…