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Fluoride is a chemical that naturally found in the earth’s crust and water. Its presence in water varies depending on the concentration in the soil where the water source originates. Small amounts of Fluoride are essential for strong teeth enamel formation and bones. Even in its low amounts, Fluoride is very harmful to the human body. Excessive exposure may cause severe damages to bones, kidneys and other body organs.
Exceeding the recommended amount of Fluoride in water may have serious health effects, especially to children whose bodies and bones are not very strong. High levels of Fluoride causes teeth decay in adults and children. Taking fluoride-free water is safe. The best way of doing his is by getting a water filtration system that removes Fluoride from your water.
How Bad is Fluoride?
While the practice of fluoridated water has been increasing in many households, scientific research conducted has shown that some demerits of adding Fluoride in water. The findings assert the following;
- Fluoride is toxic even in low amounts.
- Once added in water, it cannot be controlled on users based on age, body weight, and gender.
- Fluoride weakens bones and causes teeth decay.
- There is excess fluoride toothpaste alone.
- Water causes environmental degradation since most water is washed downstream.
- Fluoridation may result in the development of hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid.
How to Remove Fluoride From Water
Fluoridated tap water has higher levels of Fluoride as compared to water from natural sources such as springs and rivers. The concentration from other water sources may be higher if the earth’s crust in that location has high fluoride presence.
Four methods can be used in removing Fluoride from tap water. They include;
- Reverse Osmosis: The method uses a semi-permeable membrane that filters 99% of all contaminants.
- Activated Alumina Adsorption Media: You can use the activated Alumina from the Berkey filters. Highly recommended when you cannot change the plumbing system supplying water to your house.
- Strong Base Anion Exchange: it is a chemical exchange process commonly used in industries and not homes.
- Distillation: Using filters, you can extract Fluoride from your tap water.
Does Water Filters Remove Fluoride?
Brita, PUR, LifeStraw are some of the best water filters in the market. Brita and PUR contain activated carbon (charcoal) which only removes chlorine and other impurities but not Fluoride. LifeStraw only removes protozoa and bacteria from your tap water. It has no effect on Fluoride.
Do Water Softeners Remove Fluoride?
Water softeners do not remove Fluoride from water. They help in ion exchange by removing magnesium and calcium in exchange for sodium and potassium ions.
Can Boiling Remove Fluoride?
Fluoride does not evaporate at high temperatures hence, boiling will not remove it. Only steam distillation can help in removing all elements in the water.
Can You Remove Fluoride Naturally?
No method can remove Fluoride from water naturally.
The Best Fluoride Water Filter System
From a study conducted in the University of Nebraska, it shows that a point-reverse osmosis process removes about 965 of Fluoride from your tap water. The membrane used plays a significant role in the filtration process.
Reverse Osmosis filters have Polyamide thin-film composites (TFC) and cellulose-type membranes. These membranes have a higher Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) rejection rate thus is efficient for filtering many contaminants, including Fluoride. For efficient results, the membrane should not be scaled.
Top 3 Reverse Osmosis Filters
- iSpring RCC7
The filter has a high rejection rate of 94-96% of Fluoride.
Replacement costs are very low, and you get a money-back guarantee of one year.
- Home Master TMAFC-ERP
It’s one of the best-rated RO filters in the market. It has a rejection of 97.7%, making it the consumer’s favorite.
No drawbacks have been experienced by users. It has a 5-year warranty upon purchase and installation.
- Aquasana OptimH2O
Has a fluoride reduction of 95.7%, which is still good. It also helps in remineralization your water by adding calcium, potassium, and magnesium for better taste and PH.
The challenges come in replacement of cartridges which is expensive.
Whole House Fluoride Filters
- Big Blue Whole House Filter with Activated Alumina
The 20” Bib Blue filter removes about 70% of Fluoride. It is a good system since no groundbreaking is required during installation. It is composed of activated alumina/bone char carbon blend. The mixture helps in removing arsenic elements from water.
The system also has filters that trap particles, chlorine, and chloramines from water. Is low maintenance costs make it viable for home uses? A plumber with basic skills can do the installation and maintenance.
- ISpring RCS5T for the Whole House
The Reverse Osmosis system works great in on-demand water filtration. For quality performance, you need a storage tank and a non-pressurized pump for storage of purified water.
It reduces Fluoride by 94%-96%, Lead by 94%-96%, asbestos by 99% and bacteria by 99%.
The pre-filter cartridges need a regular replacement for top results.
Best Fluoride Removal Pitches
- Aquagear Pitcher
The jug has a capacity of 8 cups. Its filters last between 3-6 months depending on how frequent you filter your water. It receives 90.06% fluoride, 99.9% chlorine and lead and other arsenic elements fund in water.
- Berkey Countertop Fluoride Filter
Berkey systems are gravity-based appliances. This model removes 97% of dissolved Fluoride. The model can hold 2.25 gallons of purified water. For smaller households, there is a model with 1.5-gallon capacity.
- Zero Water 10 Cup Jug
One of the most affordable aqua gear that has a 99% efficiency in fluoride removal. It comes with a free TDS meter and is easy to dispense the purified water. Only filter replacement costs are incurred with this pitcher model.
Besides its efficiency, its filtration process is very slow.
- Reshape Water Filter Pitcher
The reshape water filter has been tested in labs and produced a 100% Fluoride removal efficiency. It also removes al contaminants from water making it safe for drinking. It also raises water pH to 9.5 when used. Its low maintenance costs makes it a perfect model for your house. It is available for $50 form Amazon.
- Home Master Jr. F2 Countertop Filter
Home Master Jr. F2 countertop filter uses activated Alumina. It removes 93% fluoride. It can easily connect with your kitchen tap. Its only disadvantage is that it needed regular filter replacement.
Best Fluoride Shower Filters
Are there filters that remove Fluoride from your shower water? No. There are no filters. Propur ProMax, however, removes about 48% of Fluoride in your shower water.
The BPA bottle filter is perfect for camping, hiking, and traveling.
While using it, be careful not to squeeze it too much because the bottle cap will come off.
Distillation is an effective method of fluoride removal. You can use the Megahome MH943SBS model for this process.
- Fluoride Removal Distiller: Megahome MH943SBS
The distiller can produce two gallons of purified water in a day. Its interior is covered with carbon lining which helps in purification. Water is collected in a clear glass jar which is easily detached.
- Mophorn Pure Distiller Review
The distiller has a stainless-steel interior covered with activated carbon. It produces one gallon of clean water for every filtration cycle. The model however breaks down without prior indication of malfunction.
The distiller is very cheap and has affordable maintenance costs. You can use it daily without experiencing any problems. Its Fluoride removal level is the best.
Faucet & Refrigerator Purifiers
Faucets and refrigerator filters do not remove Fluoride.
Filters That Remove Fluoride and Chlorine
Pitchers, Reverse Osmosis, distillers, showerhead filters and whole house filters tat remove Fluoride also remove all chlorine elements in the water.